National Minority Health Month

April is National Minority Health Month! Below are some facts about minority health. 

Black/African American Statistics

  • General Facts
    • African Americans are the second largest minority population behind the hispanic/Latino population. 
    • In 2015, 20.2% of non-Hispanic blacks have a bachelor’s degree or higher.
    • In 2015, the average household income for non-Hispanic blacks was $36,515.  
  • Insurance Coverage
    • In 2015, 54.4% of non-Hispanic blacks used private health insurance. 
    • 43.6% of non-Hispanic blacks used Medicaid in 2015. 
    • 11% of non-Hispanic blacks were uninsured in 2015. 
  • Death rates for African Americans was higher than whites for 
    • Heart Disease 
    • Stroke
    • Cancer
    • Asthma
    • Influenza
    • Pneumonia
    • Diabetes
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Homicide

For more information, go to https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=61

Hispanic/Latino Statistics

  • General Statistics
    • According to the 2015 Census Bureau population estimates, there are almost 56.5 million Hispanics living in the US.
    • In 2015, 14.8% of Hispanics had a bachelor’s degree or higher.
    • In 2015, the average household income for a Hispanics/Latinos was $44,762. 
  • Insurance Coverage
    • In 2015, 47% of Hispanics had private insurance coverage. 
    • In the same year, 19.5% of Hispanics were uninsured. 
  • The Leading Causes of Illness and Death are
    • Heart Disease
    • Cancer
    • Accidents
    • Stroke
    • Diabetes
  • Other Health Conditions Include
    • Asthma 
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Obesity
    • Suicide
    • Liver Disease

For more information, go to https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=64

 

Asian American Statistics

  • General Statistics
    • According to the 2015 Census Bureau, there are 17.3 million Asian American living in the US. 
    • In 2015, 52.3% of Asian Americans had earned at least a bachelors degree. 
    • The median income of an Asian American household was $77, 368 in 2015.  
  • Insurance Coverage
    • In 2015, 68.8% of Asian Americans had private insurance.
    • In the same year, 7.8% of Asian Americans were uninsured. 
  • Asian women have the highest life expectancy rate.
  • Most at Risk Health Conditions
    • Cancer
    • Heart Disease
    • Stroke
    • Accidents
    • Diabetes 
  • Other Health Issues
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • Hepatitis B
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Smoking
    • Tuberculosis- 30 times higher in Asian Americans compared to whites
    • Liver Disease

For more information, go to https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=63

 

American Indian/Native Alaskan Statistics

  • General Statistics
    • As of 2012, about 5.2 million people classified themselves as American Indian, Native Alaskan, or a combination along with other races. 
    • In 2012, 17% of American Indians and Alaskan Natives had at least a bachelor’s degree. 
    • The median income for an American Indian and Native Alaskan’s household was $37, 353. 
  • Insurance Coverage
    • In 2012, 47.5% of American Indians and Alaskan Natives had private insurance coverage. 
    • In the same year, 38.1% of American Indians and Alaskan Natives Medicaid. 
    • 22.6% of American Indians and Alaskan Natives had no insurance. 
  • Leading Causes of Death
    • Heart Disease
    • Cancer
    • Accidents
    • Diabetes 
    • Stroke
  • Other Health Issues
    • Mental Health Issues/Suicide
    • Obesity
    • Substance Abuse
    • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    • Teen Pregnancy
    • Liver Disease 
    • Hepatitis

For more information, go to https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=62

 

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Statistics

  • General Statistics
    • As of 2015, 1.3 million people classify themselves as Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, or a combination along with other races. 
    • In 2015, 21.5% of Native Hawaiians or Pacific Islanders had a bachelor’s degree or higher. 
    • The average income for a Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander household was $60,133. 
  • Insurance Coverage
    • In 2015, 66.4% of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders had private insurance. 
    • In the same year, 33.4% of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders had public health insurance. 
    • 7.8% of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders did not have insurance. 
  • Leading Causes of Death
    • Cancer
    • Heart Disease
    • Accidents 
    • Stroke
    • Diabetes
  • Other Health Issues
    • Hepatitis B
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Tuberculosis 

For more information, go to https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl=3&lvlid=65

 

Information Courtesy of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health