National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week

The last week in January is National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week! Here are some drug and alcohol facts! 

Facts About Drug Abuse

  • Addiction is a chronic disease that causes the user to use drugs compulsively without thinking of the potential consequences. 
  • Drugs affect the user’s “reward circuit” which controls the body’s ability to feel pleasure and motivates the used to repeat the behavior in order to survive. 
  • The long-term effects of drugs abuse cause changes in
    • Learning
    • Judgement 
    • Decision-Making
    • Stress
    • Memory
    • Behavior
  • Some people may have a higher risk of abusing drugs because of their 
    • Biology 
    • Environment
    • Development
  • Prevention programs that involve families, schools, communities, and the media are effective for reducing drug abuse and adduction. 

For more information, go to https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-use-addiction

Information courtesy of the National Institute of Health’s National Institute on Drug Abuse

Facts About Opioid Addiction

  • Opioids Include 
    • Heroin
    • Prescription Pain Relievers Like
      • Oxycodone
      • Hydrocodone
      • Codeine
      • Morphine
      • Fentanyl 
  • Opioids interact with the opioid receptors on the brain and nervous systems to cause pleasurable effects and pain relief. 
  • In 2015, 2 million people had a substance abuse disorder involving pain relievers and 591,000 were abusing heroin. 
  • In 2015, 20,101 people died from prescription pain reliever abuse and 12,990 people died of heroin abuse. 
  • In 2012, 259 million opioid prescriptions were written, which was enough to give every American their own bottle of pills. 

For more information, go to https://www.asam.org/docs/default-source/advocacy/opioid-addiction-disease-facts-figures.pdf

Information courtesy of the American Society of Addiction Medicine

Facts About Alcohol Abuse

  • In the US, alcohol is the most commonly abused substance. 
    • 1 in every 12 adults suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. 
  • Annually, 88,000 people die from excessive alcohol use. 
  • In the US, alcohol is the 3rd leading cause of lifestyle-related death. 
  • Up to 40% of the hospital beds in the United States besides the maternity ward and ICU are occupied by patients receiving treatments for a health conditions related to alcohol consumption. 
  • Excessive alcohol use either from heavy drinking or binge drinking can cause
    • Dementia
    • Stroke
    • Neuropathy
    • Cardiovascular Problems Including
      • Myocardial Infarction
      • Cardiomyopathy
      • Atrial Fibrillation
      •  Hypertension
    • Psychiatric Problems Including
      • Depression 
      • Anxiety
      • Suicide
    • Social Problems Including 
      • Unemployment
      • Lost Productivity
      • Family Violence
      • Children Maltreatment
      • Fights
      • Homicide
    • Unintended Injuries Including
      • Car Accidents
      • Falls 
      • Drownings
      • Burns
      • Firearm Injuries
    • Increased Risk of Cancer In
      • Liver 
      • Mouth
      • Throat 
      • Larynx
      • Esophagus
    • Liver Diseases Including
      • Fatty Liver
      • Alcoholic Hepatitis 
      • Cirrhosis
    • Gastrointestinal Problems Including
      • Pancreatitis
      • Gastritis
    • Alcoholism

For more information, go to https://www.ncadd.org/about-addiction/alcohol/facts-about-alcohol

Information courtesy of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence