Breast Cancer Awareness Month

October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month! Breast cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells in the breast, which begin to grow at uncontrollable rates. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2017, approximately 252,710 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women. The cells that  turn into a tumor can be detected through an x-ray or breast palpation. Breast cancer cells spread when they get into the blood or lymphatic system. Most breast cancer cases start in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple. Some cases start in the glands that make the breast milk.

 

 

Risk Factors for Breast Cancer That You CAN Change Include:

  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Obesity
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Not Having Children
  • Not Breastfeeding
  • Birth Control
  • Hormone Therapy After Menopause

For more information, go to https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/risk-and-prevention/lifestyle-related-breast-cancer-risk-factors.html

 

Risk Factors for Breast Cancer That You CAN’T Change Include:

  • Female
  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Family History of Breast Cancer
  • Personal History of Breast Cancer
  • Race – white women are more likely to have breast cancer
  • Dense Breast Tissue
  • Having Non-Cancer Breast Conditions
  • Starting Menstruation Early
  • Going Through Menopause After Age 55
  • Having Radiation on Your Chest
  • Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol

For more information, go to https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/risk-and-prevention/breast-cancer-risk-factors-you-cannot-change.html

 

Symptoms of Breast Cancer Include:

  • Swelling of All or Some of the Breast
  • Skin Irritation
  • Breast or Nipple Pain
  • Redness, Scaliness, or Thickening or the Nipple or Breast Skin
  • Nipple Discharge Besides Milk

For more information, go to https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/about/breast-cancer-signs-and-symptoms.html

 

Breast Cancer Treatments Include:

  • Local Treatments
    • Surgery
    • Radiation Therapy
  • Systemic Treatments
    • Chemotherapy
    • Hormone Therapy
    • Targeted Therapy

For more information, go to https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/treatment.html

 

How to Lower My Risk of Breast Cancer:

  • Having a Healthy Weight
  • Being Physically Active
  • Limiting Alcohol Consumption
  • For Women at High Risk
    • Some Medications
    • Preventative Surgery

For more information, go to https://www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/risk-and-prevention/can-i-lower-my-risk.html

Information courtesy of the American Cancer Society